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Inventing Gazar: The Many Silks of Cristobel Balenciaga

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The fashion history books recount well the incredible designs of Cristobal Balenciaga and how he altered the female silhouette. Born in Spain, the Paris-based designer shifted away from the hourglass shape, leaning toward a fluidity that lacked any kind of discernible waist. But Balenciaga’s journey with silk chiffon, faille and gazar, is just as revolutionary.
Inventing Gazar: The Many Silks of Cristobel Balenciaga

A tailor by trade, Balenciaga would drape, cut and fit his own muslin patterns when designing his dresses, capes and blouses. During the Forties and Fifties, Balenciaga began experimenting with fabric composition and technique. He favored silk fabrics that could form and support his structured clothing. And when the Sixties dawned, he needed a special silk to create a certain kind of silhouette; going so far as to invent his own.

Here are three silks - still used in contemporary design today - ma ...

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